Experimental painkiller molecule as powerful as morphine, but not addictive

Experimental painkiller molecule as powerful as morphine, but not addictive

As an opioid epidemic spreads across the western world, researchers believe they’re close to developing a non-addictive painkiller. Figures from the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimate that about 115 people in the country are overdosing on opioids every single day. Aside from the financial costs such an addiction brings to a national healthcare system, it can be hugely traumatic for the person addicted to these drugs, and for their families.

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Study: Optimism Can Change Brain Volume, Providing Protection Against Emotional Distress

Study: Optimism Can Change Brain Volume, Providing Protection Against Emotional Distress

In an effort to research how certain personality traits protect against emotional distress, such as depression and anxiety, researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois examined 85 healthy college students. The study, “Neuro-Behavioral Mechanisms of Resilience against Emotional Distress: An Integrative Brain-Personality-Symptom Approach using Structural Equation Modeling,” was published in the August edition of Personality Neuroscience.

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CRISPR halts Duchenne muscular dystrophy progression in dogs

CRISPR halts Duchenne muscular dystrophy progression in dogs

Scientists for the first time have used CRISPR gene editing to halt the progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in a large mammal, according to a study by UT Southwestern that provides a strong indication that a lifesaving treatment may be in the pipeline. The research published in Science documents unprecedented improvement in the muscle fibers of dogs with DMD – the most common fatal genetic disease in children, caused by a mutation that inhibits the production of dystrophin, a protein critical for muscle function.

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Sex on the Brain: Frequent Sex Might Have Cognitive Benefits

Sex on the Brain: Frequent Sex Might Have Cognitive Benefits

Frequent sex might enhance our performance on certain cognitive tasks. A growing body of research on both humans and animals published in the last decade points to this conclusion, including a new study in the Archives of Sexual Behavior. Here's a look at the accumulated evidence and what it suggests about how sex might benefit the brain.

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How your brain experiences time

How your brain experiences time

Researchers at the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience in Norway in have discovered a network of brain cells that expresses our sense of time within experiences and memories. "This network provides timestamps for events and keeps track of the order of events within an experience," says Professor Edvard Moser, Nobel laureate and director of the Kavli Institute, which is based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). This area of the brain where time is experienced is located right next to the area that codes for space.

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Several staff members sickened by unknown substance at Ross Correctional Institution

Several staff members sickened by unknown substance at Ross Correctional Institution

A major emergency response has been reported at Ross Correctional Institution after several staff members were sickened by an unknown substance. The incident happened around 9:10am Wednesday after officials reported an inmate with possible signs of a drug overdose. That inmate was given Narcan and taken to the hospital. The Ohio State Highway Patrol and local emergency medical services were called to the scene where they treated a total of 29 correctional officers, nurses and inmates who were exposed to the unknown substance.

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Air pollution causes ‘huge’ reduction in intelligence, study reveals

Air pollution causes ‘huge’ reduction in intelligence, study reveals

Air pollution causes a “huge” reduction in intelligence, according to new research, indicating that the damage to society of toxic air is far deeper than the well-known impacts on physical health. The research was conducted in China but is relevant across the world, with 95% of the global population breathing unsafe air. It found that high pollution levels led to significant drops in test scores in language and arithmetic, with the average impact equivalent to having lost a year of the person’s education.

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